Here is a list of the five most common learning problems:

Visual Tracking

When your child omits, substitutes, or repeats words when reading, they have a visual tracking difficulty. Meaning of a selection can be lost when this occurs. Visual tracking difficulties can lead to slow completion of work due to the re-reading involved since words or sentences have been repeated or omitted.

  1. Use Five Minutes to Better Reading Skills [Addresses visual tracking + visual closure + improves fluency & accuracy. 1st – adult level]
  2. Play catch
  3. Tracing books

Visual Memory

When your child has trouble remembering whether they have read a word before, they have poor visual memory skills. For instance, if you have a new word on the middle of page one and have that same word either later on the same page or on a subsequent page, a student may have to sound it out again because they cannot remember what the word was. Difficulty with visual memory makes comprehension and spelling difficult.

  1. Describe a sequence of items you saw at the mall, on a field trip, on vacation, at the park.
  2. Organize a series of pictures so they tell a story: Cut up a comic strip and put it back in order.
  3. Comprehension Zone Game [Can be played for reading or listening comprehension 1st – adult level]

Auditory Memory

When your child has trouble recalling sounds, words, or auditory directions they have auditory memory problems.

When you tell your child to do two or more things, some children remember only the first direction, some only the last. Some can’t remember any of the things because they were overwhelmed by the task. Problems with auditory memory can lead to low factual knowledge which leads to low comprehension skills.

  1. Practice repeating orally presented sequences of letters, numbers, sounds, or words.
  2. Comprehension Zone [Can be played for reading or listening comprehension 1st – adult level]
  3. Use Ten Minutes to Better Study Skills [3rd – adult level]

Visual and Auditory Memory Combined

As a parent, you give your child a variety of experiences. You take them places. You give your child a lot of great experiences. When you ask them about the experience, they stare at you, unable to answer. This is often due to poor visual and auditory memory skills.

Auditory Discrimination

Trouble with acquiring, understanding, and using spoken language is an auditory discrimination problem. For example, are these words the same word or different words: mob and mop; very and berry; stream and stream? Discrimination problems can lead to poor comprehension and spelling.

  1. Sit in the backyard and tell or write down all the sounds you hear.
  2. Practice rhyming words
  3. Use Making Spelling Sense I and II [Addresses multiple areas of auditory processing while teaching spelling. 1st – 6th level]

Sensory Motor Integration

Problems with gross and fine motor movements directly impact sensory motor integration. Identifying and matching objects by touch may be difficult. Knowing right from left, up from down, forward from backward, under and over may be difficult. This can also lead to difficulty with judging time and writing legibly.

  1. Identify and match objects by touch and feel
  2. Dance/skate to music
  3. Play The Sentence Zone [Addresses multiple areas of tactile/kinesthetic while teaching sentence writing and English grammar. 1st – adult level]

learning problems

Dyslexic, LD and ADHD kids advance 2-4 years in 20 minutes a day with Ms. Terry’s books, games, and guides – Here.

Bonnie Terry, M. Ed., BCET is a LD Specialist. Ms. Terry helps parents identify, understand, & address the underlying causes of their child’s learning problems.