In this new book Test Success! How to Be Calm, Confident and Focused on Any Test, Ben Bernstein helps parents help their children do well on tests.
Ben Bernstein has been helping children take tests for over 40 years. The most important thing he has learned is that a child’s performance is directly affected by his or her stress level. If stress is too high or too low, your child’s performance will suffer.
“Parents can have a tremendous impact on how a child handles the stress of test taking,” he says. “But it is the child who is taking the test.”
Dr. Bernstein’s book identifies nine key tools for test-taking success. He uses a balanced mind-body-spirit approach that boils down to being calm, having confidence and maintaining focus.
“I have also seen how people can overcome their handicaps. I watched a student’s low SAT scores rise dramatically once he learned how to calm down during the test.
I saw the utter joy of a rower when she finally learned how to focus her energy throughout the entire race.
I was particularly moved when I watched the parents of a student I was coaching learn to build their son’s self-esteem instead of tear it down, by relaxing their completely unrealistic expectations of him.”
Here are some of Dr. Bernstein’s invaluable suggestions on how parents can help children deal with the four primary causes of poor test-taking and experience Test Success:
Trouble with the Content
Understanding the material is the first and the most key issue in obtaining test success.
Ask your child the following questions:
- “Is there something in the material you specifically don’t understand?”
- “Do you feel like this material is just too difficult for you?
- “What doesn’t make sense to you?”
- “Are you having trouble memorizing?”
- “Are you just bored with this material?” (Caution: when children say something is “boring,” they might mean that they don’t understand it or like it.)
For Test Success: Ask the teacher to shed light on the situation.
Sometimes a child can’t pinpoint her difficulties and, if she’s too embarrassed, shy or resistant to talk with the teacher, she may need you to do so on her behalf.
The teacher is a good resource because he may be more familiar than you are with your child’s learning style, so ask for his observations. Also, see if he can explain the material to you.
Do the explanations seem clear? In other words, is the teacher part of the problem? Can the teacher show you a way to help your child achieve test success?
For Test Success: Consider arranging for a tutor to work with your child.
A tutor may be helpful to your child by providing close personal attention. Tutorial resources are increasingly available and don’t have to be costly. Many options are free or very inexpensive: peer tutors (fellow students) in the school, after-school programs that include a homework component, and college students looking for extra income. You can always go online or advertise for a tutor or see who is advertising their services.
For Test Success: Consider Physical Tension
Jitters and tension make it hard for anyone to concentrate. A bad case of nerves can seriously undermine students’ test performance because it robs them of their concentration.
Make sure your child gets enough regular physical exercise.
Bike riding, working out at the gym, running and swimming are all tension-releasing activities that give her the opportunity to let off steam and “restart” her system. Watching TV, talking on the phone and playing video games are not aerobic. All too often kids try to study after long hours of these activities and their energy is already zapped.
For Test Success: Check whether your child is getting enough sleep.
Is he going to bed too late? Does he have a hard time getting out of bed in the morning? Does he appear tired at other times of the day, like after school? Children need a lot more sleep than adults do, at least nine to ten hours a night, and anything less can severely hamper their school performance because their tired minds aren’t paying attention. Recent research shows that inadequate sleep can cause problems that look like attention deficit.
For Test Success: Review your child’s diet.
A diet high in carbs, sugars and caffeinated drinks is, unfortunately, all too common in our culture. While sugary foods and “energy drinks” appear to keep the engine stoked, they are actually wearing your child down. A balanced diet keeps glucose levels from going on a roller coaster and has a positive effect on metabolism, energy levels and brain function.
For Test Success: Learn to calm down yourself.
As a parent, you can very easily pick up on what your child feels and start feeling the same way yourself. (Also, of course, you have your own adult problems to cope with.) If your child is anxious or sad or angry, you may quickly begin feeling the same way, even if you were feeling quite calm just moments before. In psychology we call this an “induced reaction”—you are induced into your child’s state. This is a very human response, especially with people who are close with one another, like parent and child. You increase your chances of reducing your child’s stress if you learn how to keep yourself calm no matter what is going on with your child.
For Test Success: Consider Issues of Self Doubt
Your child’s doubt in himself and his abilities may cause his confidence to plunge both before and during a test.
Ask yourself if you are the right person to be your child’s confidant. You might think of yourself as your child’s best friend, but you may not be the first choice as a confidant. If that’s the case, you have to give up the idea that your child should confide in you about this issue.
Think of someone else your child can talk with. Enlist the support of a teacher she respects, a school advisor or counselor she trusts, a clergy member or one of her close friends who is a responsible individual. Encourage her to share her deepest thoughts with that person. Make supportive but accurate statements to your child: “You work hard.” “You’ve taken on big challenges before and succeeded.” “You can do it.” “I believe in you.” “I know you’ve got what it takes.”
For Test Success: Staying on Task
If your child has difficulty becoming motivated, find out what is getting in his way. Is it an overall sense of helplessness that even if he tries, he won’t get anywhere? Hasachievement become a negative word?
For Test Success: Ask yourself whose goal it is that your child succeeds.
Of course you want her to do well, but if she doesn’t have that goal herself, you are going to be in an uphill battle that you might never win. Talk with your child about this. A straightforward discussion about her goals can go a long way toward clarifying why she needs to work harder.
For Test Success: Notice the ways your child becomes distracted.
Does he stay on the phone, text, log onto the web, e-mail, play video games, watch TV, eat—all instead of doing his homework? Can you help him set realistic working periods with breaks for “treats” and distractions? Consider getting a timer as a tool so he can focus better and more consistently.
For Test Success: Consider how focused you are.
If you have clear goals and minimize distraction, you can be a good role model for your child. She can see the effects for herself.
Remember: cultivating good work habits is ultimately something children should learn to do for themselves because they see the positive results and feel good about having accomplished a goal. Though you may have to encourage and mentor them through this process, they are doing the work so that they can go on to lead a more fulfilling life.
Four Bad Parental Behaviors and What to Do about Them
Are You Comparing Your Child to Others?
Stop! The best thing to do is to focus on what is going on with him and what he needs, not on what anyone else is doing or has done. Go out of your way to ask your child questions so you can understand his needs.
Do You Have Unrealistic Expectations for Your Child?
Sometimes parents idealize their children and see them as mini superheroes capable of doing just about anything. This mentality gets in the way of seeing your child for who she is. Be her greatest advocate and most enduring source of support. But be realistic by recognizing her true strengths and weaknesses. You have to acknowledge and—this is harder—accept the things she likes and the things she doesn’t and be honest about her possibilities and limitations.
Do You Think Your Child’s Performance Is a Reflection of Your Parenting?
If your child performs poorly on a test, it doesn’t necessarily mean you have done a bad job as a parent. It could just mean your child needs some help. Don’t take it personally! Find the real problem and get the right help. If you have difficulty separating your child’s performance from your own self-esteem or from your own performance as a child, you can avail yourself of different forms of support such as parenting books, online help, peer counseling (talking with other parents) or professional therapy.
Are You Micromanaging Your Child?
Stop helicoptering to rescue your child from every little thing! Give your child room to grow.
It’s hard to watch him make a mistake, or make the wrong choice, but true learning and growth come only through personal action. Wind him up and let him go. Let him fall and learn to pick himself up again by himself, on his own.
His model for test success is used in schools, universities, prisons and programs for underserved college-bound youth. An educator for the last forty years, Dr. Bernstein has taught at every level of the educational system.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, he began his teaching career in Bedford-Stuyvesant in 1969. A graduate of Bowdoin College, Dr. Bernstein received a master’s degree in music composition from Mills College and a doctorate from the University of Toronto.
Among his many accomplishments, he is a performance coach in the Young Musicians Program for inner-city teenagers at UC Berkeley; a recipient of major grants from the American and Canadian governments; the first director of improvisation at Robert Redford’s Sundance Institute in Utah; the founder of the Singer’s Gym, a professional workshop for opera singers in the Bay Area; and the creator and producer of original musicals and films with psychiatric patients in the United States and Australia.
He lives in San Francisco, California.