Autism diagnosis relies on clinical evaluation, but in a new technique, researchers identify brain response as a marker for autism.
Researchers used magnetic resonance imaging for the study to perform brain scans on 17 adults with high functioning autism, and 17 adults with typical development as controls. Participants were asked to think about various social actions, like “persuade”, “Adore”, and “Hug”.
Then, the researchers assessed patterns in brain activity and decoded how thoughts were processed. Reviews of brain scans showed that There was a clear distinction between those adults who were and were not on the spectrum.
The results indicate that the brains of those on the spectrum have specific differences in processing certain thoughts, and those processes can be a marker for identifying autism.