A study by two college professors has found that a high level of school suspensions can hurt learning for all students.
University of Kentucky associate professor Edward Morris and Indiana University associate professor Brea Perry conducted research on a large urban Kentucky school district, which was not named. Previously, Perry conducted research in Fayette County that showed out of school suspensions had negative effects on the academic achievement of suspended students.
The newest study was published in the academic journal American Sociological Review, and finds that all students attending schools with high rates of suspension suffer declining academic achievement. A possible reason could be that students have increased anxiety, and another could be that “turnover of suspended students in and out of classrooms creates unstable, socially fragmented environments.”
Data was studied from more than 16,000 students in grades six through ten enrolled in the district between August 2008 and June 2011. They used scores from the Measure of Academic Progress test.
Perry and Morris studied data from more than 16,000 students in grades six through 10 who were enrolled in the public school district between August 2008 and June 2011. Scores from a test called Measure of Academic Progress were used. They separated the effects of suspensions from other negative experiences encountered in the school environment.